Thursday, May 21, 2020
Name: Shuvuuia (Mongolian for bird); pronounced shoo-VOO-yah Habitat: Plains of Asia Historical Period: Late Cretaceous (85-75 million years ago) Size and Weight: About two feet long and five pounds Diet: Insects and small animals Distinguishing Characteristics: Small, birdlike head; dinosaur-like forelimbs; primitive feathers About Shuvuuia Shuvuuia is one of those ancient dino-birds that gives paleontologists fits,comprised as it is of an equal number of bird-like and dinosaur-like characteristics. The beaked snout of this late Cretaceous creature, for example, was distinctly birdlike, as were its long legs and three-toed feet, but its too-short arms call to mind (in much smaller proportions, of course) the stunted limbs of bipedal theropods like Tyrannosaurus Rex. Lately, the consensus is that the almost certainly feathered Shuvuuia was closer to a dinosaur than it was to a prehistoric bird, but as with the much earlier Archaeopteryx, this issue may never be settled conclusively. (By the way, Shuvuuia also stands out for being one of the prehistoric animals whose name is not derived from Greek roots--shuvuu is the word for bird in Mongolia, where Shuvuuias remains were discovered in 1987.) Technically, Shuvuuia is classified as an alvarezsaur, meaning it was closely related to the roughly contemporary Alvarezsaurus of South America (as were many of the dino-birds that lived in this region of central Asia, including another close Shuvuuia relative, Kol). Perhaps more tellingly, the tiny Shuvuuia inhabited a rich, complex, and extremely dangerous ecosystem already well-stocked with predatory raptors like Velociraptor and Tsaagan and feathered troodontids like Gobivenator and Byronosaurus. Given its small size, Shuvuuia would have been fairly low down on the food chain, and probably spent most of its day evading these larger dinosaurs--perhaps by squeezing itself into the same crooks of trees from whence it pried out termites and grubs for its dinner.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Becoming a leader or a manager is the utmost ambition for many people in the business and management sector nowadays. At times, it can be quite challenging therefore there are many essential qualities that a leader or manager need. Management is the attainment of organisational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organising, leading and controlling the organisational resources (Daft and Marcic, 8th Edition). Leadership on the other hand is the ability to inspire confidence and support among the people who are needed to achieve organisational goals (Dubrin, 2012). There are many pros and cons in being either a leader or manager. Can an individual just simply emerge into becoming a successful leader or manager? The answer is no, in order to become a successful leader or manager there are specific qualities and roles to abide to. Obtaining these qualities can be done through studying and training. Leaders are individuals that are elected and partake a great deal of power. They tend to be passionate, creative, and flexible. Moreover, there are many qualities that a good leader must need in order to be successful. A few examples of the qualities they must partake are being inspiring and motivating. Motivation is defined to be Ã¢â¬ËSet of internal processes and external forces that direct behaviour.Ã¢â¬â¢(Naylor, 2004). For instance, having motivated and inspired employees and individual can extremely affect a business, if the leaders and managers of thatShow MoreRelatedCharacteristics of Managers and Leaders1568 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Characteristics of Managers and Leaders: The concepts of leadership and management are viewed differently by different people though managers and leaders are important in management. Some people view these terms as synonyms and use them interchangeably in sentences and phrases while others consider them to be extreme opposites. 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There are managers and leaders in every profession, they both need to build their experience and gain the knowledge and skills to help them effectivelyRead MoreExecute an Analysis of Managers or Leaders in Your Organisation on the Basis of the Leadership Grid as Was Propounded by Jane Morton and Robert Black. the Characteristics-Traits Used to Classify the Managers Ã¢â¬â Leaders Should Be Established.3109 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesDATE 5/09/12 Execute an analysis of managers or leaders in your organisation on the basis of the leadership grid as was propounded by Jane Morton and Robert Black. The characteristics-traits used to classify the managers Ã¢â¬â leaders should be established. 1. Introduction It is important to understanding how organisations are managed, how activities of people are directed towards achievement of objectives and goals of the organisation. 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string(139) " for a larger company, an M A consultant may be pricey \(2-15,000 dollars for a retainer\), but this is probably the best way to go\." Financial Management for the Small Business B. The Ã¢â¬Å"Thirteen StepsÃ¢â¬ to acquiring a business B. Beginning the search-who can help? 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Study on the Financial Management for Small Business or any similar topic only for you Order Now Choosing the method that is best for your situation 3. Some different methods of valuing a business VI. The rewards of working for yourself The decision to purchase a business of your own is not an easy task. There are many things to consider before the final decision is made. First of all, exactly what do you want to accomplish? To make millions of dollars, right? Or is it to have the freedom of being your own boss? Whatever the reason, you must be sure that it is something that you are ready to devote an exorbitant amount of time and energy into and that it is something that you really want. Otherwise, you might be stuck doing something that you hate. If you are ready to commit then you must ask yourself just how far will that commitment extend. How much of your own time, energy, and money are you willing to sacrifice? After the decision is made, the acquisition of a small business can be summed-up into nine steps, in which most will be elaborated upon later. Ã¢â¬Å"These are the nine steps to any business acquisition, regardless of its size or industry: 1. The search, locating a business available for sale. 2. Identifying alternative candidates. 9. Managing the transition period.Ã¢â¬ (Tuller, 10) Some considerations that cannot be avoided when purchasing a small business include: the question of needing a partner, the current economic factors, considering alternate locations, and developing a tax strategy. When debating whether or not a partner is needed or wanted, you need to know if youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to need additional equity as well as sharing the risk of failure. For these reasons, a partnership seems to be a great idea, but there are also many cons that should be recognized. Having too many partners can alter the ease of decision-making, shared liability can cause obvious problems, and sharing profits means less for you. Added to this, getting out of a partnership can be very difficult. Evaluating the current economic factors simply means to know what you are getting into. Be sure to have some knowledge about the business itself and itÃ¢â¬â¢s market. Know how to make and sell the product efficiently and in a service industry, be sure to know the current and correct way things are done-sometimes they are not one in the same. Location is key. Ã¢â¬Å"Location of the target can be a major determinate in both the financing of the deal and probable success in managing the business after closingÃ¢â¬ ¦ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no sense spending time, effort, and money on a target located in the wrong place.Ã¢â¬ (Tuller, 12) Along with this, the personal strife of having to travel a great distance to get to work can be very frustrating. So, be sure that the location of your potential business is profitable in every way. One the greatest minds of the 20th century, Albert Einstein, once said, Ã¢â¬Å"tax is the most difficult thing in the world to understandÃ¢â¬ . Unfortunately, with the ever-changing laws, that problem gets worse every year. This means that you should have knowledge of the current tax laws. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËYou will have a unique opportunity to make decisions on exactly how much money will change hands, and how I will allocated on the payment schedule.Ã¢â¬ (Smorgenburg, 112) Maximizing profit for both you and the seller can only be done through proper knowledge of tax law, if you are not comfortable handling this alone, a consultant might not bad a bad idea. After all of the above is settled, the next thing to figure is the amount of initial income is required. Not only the income required to purchase the entity (which will be elaborated upon later), but also the amount of money that you need to survive for the years to come. Ã¢â¬Å"If you need $100,000, then donÃ¢â¬â¢t look at smaller companies which can only yield $30,000.Ã¢â¬ (Tuller, 23) Ã¢â¬Å"The following 13 steps will help to locate a target and close the deal in the shortest possible time-and when buying a company, time is money. 2. Prepare a reasonable Acquisition Plan. 3. Review current tax laws for structuring the deal. 4. Develop a detailed plan for sourcing potential targets. 5. Perform a preliminary due diligence investigation. 6. Negotiate a price and terms based on a realistic valuation. 7. Perform a thorough due diligence investigation. 8. Prepare a complete business plan. 9. Develop sources for at least three alternative financing structures. 10. Arrange for the final updated due diligence investigation. 11. Write the Buy/Sell Agreement and negotiate the final contract language. 12. Plan how you will operate the company after closing. Yet another crucial instrument in the purchase of any business is the Acquisition Plan. This document lists every step and detail leading to the closing of the deal. Starting with the industry survey, it lists the start date, the finish date, and the cost of each of these processes. Following the survey is the target search, then on to the due diligence investigations. The importance of this plan revolves around the organization of a solid purchase. With this, you are able to enact the purchase at the right moment for you, this time being a buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s market. If you need to wait out the bear market, you can do it much easier with everything laid out in front of you. Hence, the Acquisition Plan does the job. All of the above steps and considerations are a waste if you are unable to find a business for sale. The difficulty of finding the type of business that you will purchase is put to ease through an M A consultant, accountant, or simply browsing the Wall Street Journal. A smaller gas station or party store-type business can usually be found in the local paper. On the other hand, if you are looking for a larger company, an M A consultant may be pricey (2-15,000 dollars for a retainer), but this is probably the best way to go. You read "Study on the Financial Management for Small Business" in category "Essay examples" Be sure to ask the consultant many questions regarding his or her creditability. For instance, get a list of references and ask about the number of deals he closed in the past 12 months. Negotiating a purchase price involves a thorough valuation of the projected purchase. Evaluation of a business is essential because you need to know what you are paying for and how much you should pay. Ã¢â¬ If you are a buyer, your valuation will also be helpful to you when you meet with lenders, so that you can help justify the mount you are asking to borrow. For this purpose alone, however, a valuation is not generally worth the effort.Ã¢â¬ (Horn, 20) There are many different methods that you can use to properly determine the value of the entity. The most common methods are as follows: the Ability-To-Pay Method, this method is used in almost all buy/sell cases. It makes clear whether the acquisition can pay for itself out of its own cash flow. The Discounted Cash Flow Method is most often used when the company is going to be purchased as an investment and held for a limited number of years. It is also used in high-risk situations, such as highly leveraged deals that have more of a proportion of debt than usual. The third method is the Excess Earnings Method, used to value any profitable company. The Excess Earnings method Ã¢â¬Å"assumes that a business is worth the market value of its tangible assets, plus a premium for Ã¢â¬ËgoodwillÃ¢â¬â¢ if the earnings are high enough.Ã¢â¬ (Horn, 51) Another area that must be calculated is goodwill. Ã¢â¬Å"Goodwill is not an operating cost and cannot be depreciated. It does not provide you with tax reliefÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Smorenburg, 114) Since there is no record of the worth of goodwill, it can be fairly difficult to determine an accurate buying price. Usually the seller will set the price based on their knowledge of the company. The set price, however, should be reasonable. Negotiations can be made to produce an agreeable price. The next step is to set a purchase price. Ã¢â¬Å"There is no right or wrong way to value a business. Each company has different characteristicsÃ¢â¬ ¦ Obviously, the seller will argue that the net asset value method is right because thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what he invested in the business.Ã¢â¬ (Tuller, 103) You should consider all factors in the P/E/ ratios, liquidation value, net asset value, and historic and projected cash flow. After analyzing these aspects of the business, you should be able to determine a fair price for the entity. Ã¢â¬Å"The letter of intent is a document that aims to formalize the terms around which a later negotiation will revolve. As such, the letter is primarily a tentative offer that remains subject to further negotiations and confirmation of material facts through a process of due diligenceÃ¢â¬ ¦By offering a letter of intent, you tangibly solidify your resolve and thereby make the seller understand that you are a serious buyer.Ã¢â¬ (Smorenburg, 126) The letter of intent covers the precise terms of the deal, the payment details, and management and other issues involving the transfer. You need to give your accountant and lawyer a draft of the letter for review. This way, you are protected from any loopholes that can harm you. It proves that you are a serious buyer and entices the seller to more openly discuss sensitive aspects of the business. The letter is a written contract that can be legally cancelled at any time without the consent of the other party, so be sure that you and the seller are in agreement. Once everything is settled and you and the seller are in agreement to the term of the letter of intent, the next task you face is finding the initial capital. Using other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s money to finance a purchase is a key ingredient if business success. Financing falls into two separate categories: debt and equity. Debt financing is the most elementary of the two. It is basically taking a loan from a lender and paying it back with interest. It is reliant on the business or individualÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to pay the loan off. Usually, collateral will be made available to the source of the loan in the case that you cannot continue to make payments. A good credit history and reputation is another aspect that financing is reliant upon. With these, a loan is much easier to get. Ã¢â¬Å"Equity financing means obtaining funds in exchange for selling or giving up a part of interest in the business. Equity financing is not a loan; rather, it is the sale of a part of you business.Ã¢â¬ (Fallek, 82) The popularity of equity financing has increased in the high tech industries in the past few years. However, selling a part of your newly purchased business may not be your cup of tea, so choose your type of financing wisely. Some traditional sources of capital include yourself, family and friends, commercial banks, loan companies, insurance companies, credit unions and private investors. The old saying, Ã¢â¬Å"donÃ¢â¬â¢t mix business with pleasureÃ¢â¬ is applicable when dealing with family and friends. Taking a loan from these sources can cause turmoil if the loan cannot be paid back. Banks are the standard for business lending. Ã¢â¬Å"The amount they charge is based on two factors: the size and history of the customer and the risk the bank will take in providing the loan.Ã¢â¬ (Fallek, 85) If you are able to decrease the bankÃ¢â¬â¢s risk and have a standing credit line, you will get the most out of your loan. The other types of traditional lenders are less frequently used, but are also good sources of capital. Ã¢â¬Å"Nontraditional money sources are unlimited in number and type, but you need to be creative to acquire the necessary funds from them.Ã¢â¬ (Fallek, 89) These sources include customers, suppliers, leasing companies, local development companies, and advertising for money. Customers or potential customers are often great sources of funding, as well as suppliers. Suppliers will furnish you with the necessary equipment and product. Leasing companies and local development companies are also good nontraditional sources of capital. Ã¢â¬Å"You can actively seek funding by running a display advertisement in the business section under the appropriate heading in the classified ads of your local newspaper. Specify the amount of money needed and the type of business for which it will be used.Ã¢â¬ (Fallek, 91) Yet another source for funding might be through the Small Business Administration. They offer different types of loan programs to small businesses. The SBA Guaranteed Loan Program grants a loan on the basis that the individual needs more time than allotted by other lenders to pay back the loan, has insufficient credit, or lack business experience. Ã¢â¬Å"There are no restrictions as to the number of SBA loans a company or individual may have, as long as the SBAÃ¢â¬â¢s exposure does not exceed $750,000.Ã¢â¬ (Fallek, 96) The final step in acquisition of a business is the closing. You will need a lawyer if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t currently have one. The search for the right lawyer requires certain questions to be answered. For instance, you want to find out the lawyerÃ¢â¬â¢s hourly rates, experience, availability, if there is any conflict of interest between the lawyer and the seller, and any other applicable questions. The best way to find a lawyer is word of mouth, ask friends and family for references. When a lawyer is located, you must then begin the audit review. Ã¢â¬Å"Even thought most buyers work with their local CPA in preparing the business plan and counsel with him on tax matters relative to the acquisition, the audit review should be preformed by an independent CPA firm in the same city as the target company; preferably on of the Ã¢â¬ËBig-5Ã¢â¬â¢ firmsÃ¢â¬ ¦ The audit review consists of a comprehensive look at business since the last audit with particular emphasis on determining the adequacy of internal controls and internal reports.Ã¢â¬ (Tuller, 192) Be sure to take this step, it examines all aspects of the business and insures that it is a safe investment. After this is complete, itÃ¢â¬â¢s time to close the deal. The documents generally needed for proper closure are: a buy/sell agreement, an earn out agreement, a promissory note terms and conditions agreement, title search and title insurance, lease agreements, employment contracts, personal guarantees, and an equity agreement with the lender. These documents are dealt with and an announcement should be made to the employees, customers, and vendors of the change in ownership. Ã¢â¬Å"There is a mood of anticipation, of excitement, and even-if the truth be know-of fear. Of all the events which take place in the business world, nothing can match an acquisition closing for pure excitement and thrill.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Ë(Tuller, 203) the actual signing of the transfer documents will not usually take more than an hour. The key is not to worry about what you are signing, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what your lawyer is for. After all the money spent, the time devoted and the effort put forth, the business is finally yours. Running your own business can be very rewarding. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t have anyone to answer to besides the government. You are in complete control. Along with this the ability to write off certain expenses is enough of a reward in itself. The effort you put forth is completely up to you. The life and death of the business is in your hands. How to cite Study on the Financial Management for Small Business, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The Roswell Coverup You feel the blazing desert sun of Corona, New Mexico beating down on your already weary body. All of a sudden it starts to rain. The cool water refreshes you. Out of the corner of your eye you see a saucer shaped flying disc in the distance. You have heard of hundreds of these sightings all over the country. You gaze in awe because you have now beheld the breathtaking beauty that these discs possess. The saucer you realize is coming directly toward you at a tremendous speed. It flies over missing your head by about 10 feet. After it is over your head you realize that it did not make a sound. If you had lived in New Mexico during the summer of 1947 this incident might have occurred. Only the government, the RAAF (Roswell Army Air Field), and the 509th Bomb Squad knows if this incident really took place, and if it did, were there aliens and what were the reasons for the cover-up. On June 25,1947, the local dentist, Dr. R. F. Sensenbaugher reported a saucer-shaped object about 1/2 the size of the full moon flying over Silver City, New Mexico. On June 26, Leon Oetniger and 3 other witnesses reported a large, silver, ball-shaped object clearly not a balloon or dirigible traveling over the Grand Canyon. June 27, 1947: A white disc glowing like an electric light bulb was reported to have passed over Pope, New Mexico, by local resident W. C. Dobbs at 9:50 a.m. Minutes later, the same or a similar object was sighted traveling southwest over the White Sands Missile Range by Captain E. B. Detchmendy, who reported it to his commanding officer, Lieutenant Colonel Harold R. Turner. At 10:00 a.m., Mrs. David Appelzoller of San Miguel, New Mexico, reported that a similar object had passed over that city, again heading southwest. Colonel Turner of White Sands initially reacted by announcing that no rockets had been launched from that base since June 12. Later, fearing hysteria, he officially identified the object as a daytime meteorite.(Berlitz 18) Also on June 27, Major George B. Wilcox of Warren, Arizona, reported a series of 8 or 9 discs traveling at high speed above the mountain tops. Then on June 28, A pilot flying in the vicinity of Alamagorda, New Mexico reported seeing a ball of fire with a fiery blue tail behind it pass beneath him and then disintegrate into the sky. (19) On July 2, 1947, Mac Brazel was sitting at home watching TV during a thunderstorm when he heard a crash that was louder than thunder and sounded different from the other rumbling. There had been a lot of strange noises since they had begun atomic research in New Mexico for World War II. After the storm, the next day Brazel and Timothy D. Proctor were riding the range to determine which fields had received rain. (Randle 37) During the ride, Brazel came across a field filled with debris of some sort. Some of the debris was shiny but most of it looked like dull metal. There were big chunks and little pieces as if something had exploded while still in the air. The debris when examined surprised Brazel because of its strange properties. The material was described to be as thin as the foil in a cigarette pack and just as light. It was strong, however, that Brazel could not scratch it with a knife or even blacken it with matches. (38) On July 6, Brazel finally decided to go to the police in Roswell. When Sheriff George A. Wilcox saw the debris he suggested they call the RAAF (Roswell Army Air Field). It only took a few minutes for the military to arrive, afterwards Wilcox said that they got there so fast it seemed like they had been waiting for the call. After all the samples were brought in and examined no one could identify the material. The next morning on July 7, Brazel took them out to the crash site. The crash site was observed to be 3/4 of a mile long and two to three hundred feet wide. One of the military officers also made the statement that
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry With an acceptance rate of 54% in 2016, SUNY ESF has largely accessible admissions. Successful applicants will generally have B-averages and standardized test scores within or above the ranges posted below. To apply, those interested will need to submit an application, personal statement, official high school transcripts, and scores from either the SAT or the ACT. If you have any questions or concerns about applying, be sure to contact the admissions office at SUNY ESF. Admissions Data (2016): SUNY College of Environmental Science Acceptance Rate: 54%Test Scores 25th / 75th PercentileSAT Critical Reading: 520 / 630SAT Math: 550 / 630SAT Writing: - / -What these SAT numbers meanACT Composite: 23Ã / 27ACT English: 22Ã / 28ACT Math: 23Ã / 27What these ACT numbers mean SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Description: The State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry is a specialized environmental management and sustainability college with its main campus located in Syracuse, New York, and several satellite campuses across central New York and the Adirondack Mountains area. The 17-acre main campus sits on SyracuseÃ¢â¬â¢s University Hill overlooking downtown Syracuse and Onondaga Lake. ESF has a 15 to 1 student faculty ratio and offers 22 undergraduate and 30 graduate degrees in the sciences, engineering and forestry. Within the undergraduate program, the most popular areas of study are environmental biology, conservation biology and landscape architecture. The most common graduate programs include forest management and operation and environmental physiology. Students are actively involved on campus, participating in nearly 25 student clubs and organizations. The ESF Mighty Oaks compete in cross-country, golf, soccer and basketball in the United States Collegiate Athl etic Association and have a long tradition in intercollegiate woodsman competitions. Enrollment (2016): Total Enrollment: 2,186Ã (1,751 undergraduates)Gender Breakdown: 54% Male / 46% Female98% Full-time Costs (2016 - 17): Tuition and Fees: $8,103Ã (in-state); $17,953 (out-of-state)Books: $1,200 (why so much?)Room and Board: $16,110Other Expenses: $1,050Total Cost: $26,463Ã (in-state); $36,313 (out-of-state) SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Financial Aid (2015- 16): Percentage of New Students Receiving Aid: 89%Percentage of New Students Receiving Types of AidGrants: 82%Loans: 57%Average Amount of AidGrants: $7,104Loans: $6,922 Academic Programs: Most Popular Majors:Ã Conservation Biology, Environmental Biology, Environmental Science, Landscape Architecture, Wildlife Science. Transfer, Graduation and Retention Rates: First Year Student Retention (full-time students): 85%Transfer Out Rate: 20%4-Year Graduation Rate: 60%6-Year Graduation Rate: 74% Intercollegiate Athletic Programs: Mens Sports:Ã Golf, Basketball, Cross Country, Track and Field, SoccerWomens Sports:Ã Soccer, Track and Field, Cross Country Data Source: National Center for Educational Statistics Explore Other SUNY Campuses: AlbanyÃ |Ã Alfred StateÃ |Ã BinghamtonÃ |Ã BrockportÃ |Ã BuffaloÃ |Ã Buffalo StateÃ |Ã CobleskillÃ |Ã CortlandÃ |Ã Env. Science/ForestryÃ |Ã FarmingdaleÃ |Ã FITÃ |Ã FredoniaÃ |Ã GeneseoÃ |Ã MaritimeÃ |Ã MorrisvilleÃ |Ã New PaltzÃ |Ã Old WestburyÃ |Ã OneontaÃ |Ã OswegoÃ |Ã PlattsburghÃ |Ã PolytechnicÃ |Ã PotsdamÃ |Ã PurchaseÃ |Ã Stony Brook If You Like SUNY CESF, You May Also Like These Schools: Cornell University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphSyracuse University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphUniversity of Vermont: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphUniversity at Albany: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphIthaca College: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphJuniata College: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphClarkson University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphDrexel University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphBinghamton University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT Graph
Monday, March 2, 2020
35 Literary Devices and Literary Terms (with Definitions and Examples) 35 Literary Devices and Literary Terms (with Definitions and Examples) A clear list of literary devices is a good resource for any writer to have on hand. Strong device usage can help elevate a book from a story people forget, to a piece of literature that stays with them long after they've turned the final page.After all, inÃ As You Like It, Shakespeare could have simply written, "Everyone has a role in life." But instead, he used a literary device and penned one of the famous metaphors of all time:All the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s a stage And all the men and women merely playersAnd the rest is history. 35+ literary devices to turn you into Shakespeare What are literary devices?Literary devices are tools writers use to express their ideas with artistic depth. These devices can clarify and emphasize concepts, create resonance within a narrative, and invite readers to dig a little deeper into the storyÃ¢â¬â¢s themes.While all of the tools below fall under the umbrella of Ã¢â¬Å"literary devices,Ã¢â¬ the purpose and impact of them varies wildly. Some might underscore a narrative and work on an intellectual level, while others have more of a subtle, visceral, or emotional effect. Finally, they might also work to simply enhance the flow and pacing of your writing. No matter what, if you're looking to inject something special into your prose, literary devices are a great place to start. You can also check out our list of 30 rhetorical devices right here!List of literary devices1. AllegoryThe Tortoise and the Hare is about more than just a turtle, a rabbit, and a race. It also aims to teach the lesson: slow and steady wins the race. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s what an allegory doesÃ - itÃ¢â¬â¢s a type of narrative that uses characters and plot to exemplify abstract ideas and themes, such as patience. In an allegorical story, events and characters tend to represent more than they appear on the surface.Example: Animal Farm by George Orwell. This dystopian novella is one of modern literatureÃ¢â¬â¢s best-known allegories. A commentary on the events leading up to Stalin's rise and the formation of the Soviet Union, the pigs at the heart of the novel blatantly represent figures such as Stalin, Trotsky, and Molotov. Litotes (pronounced lie-toe-teez) is the signature literary device of the double negative. Writers use litotes to express certain sentiments through their opposites, by saying that that opposite is not the case. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry, it makes more sense with the examples. Example: Ã¢â¬Å"You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be sorryÃ¢â¬ (meaning youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be happy); Ã¢â¬Å"youÃ¢â¬â¢re not wrongÃ¢â¬ (meaning youÃ¢â¬â¢re right); Ã¢â¬Å"I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t not like itÃ¢â¬ (meaning I did)21. MalapropismIf Shakespeare is the king of metaphors, Michael Scott is the king of malapropisms. This is when similar-sounding words replace their appropriate counterparts, typically to comic effect - one of the most commonly cited is Ã¢â¬Å"dance a flamingo,Ã¢â¬ rather than a Ã¢â¬Å"flamenco.Ã¢â¬ Malapropisms are usually employed in dialogue when a character flubs up their speech.Example: Ã¢â¬Å"I am not to be truffled with.Ã¢â¬ Similar term: metonymy 35+ literary devices to lend resonance to your writing Readers and writers alike can get a lot out of understanding literary devices and how they're commonly used. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re a reader, you can use this knowledge to your advantage, as you pore over fiction and gain insight into the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s intended meaning and motivation behind their work. Meanwhile, writers can use literary devices to connect with readers, giving their words a boosted opportunity of providing audiences with lasting meaning.Have you ever struggled to use a literary device in your writing? Let's get technical - share your questions or thoughts in the comments below!
Friday, February 14, 2020
Business - Essay Example Differences between the 80s and 90s generations are more prominent in terms of relationships and values attached to work, materials, information and technology. Research conducted by Luo and Lagerdahl (2010; p.7) indicated that the 80s youth gave more importance to friends and enjoyment. The reason is attributed to the single-child family norm introduced in 1980s, which also resulted in individualistic attitude to an extent. This research showed that the 80s generation was enthusiastic about the new life style, trendy and fashionable living, and extremely competitive about status symbols in comparison with peers and friends. Because of the importance attached to status symbols, this group felt the pressure of acquiring more wealth and material in order to improve their standards of living; as a result, even expenditure was high. Television affordability had major impact on this generation (Wu, 2009 p.19). The 80s generation laid much emphasis on collective improvement of living stand ards (Luo & Lagerdahl, 2010, p.7). Moreover, post-80s generation are active, independent and with diversified opinions, and "feel China is closer to the rest of the world" (China Daily, 2009, p.1). These findings indicate that though individualism emerged, it was submissive and group culture dominated due to the values attached.